Carlow Campus: CW HRYTH A
Wexford Campus: CW HXYTH A
What is this programme about?
This module will begin with examination of the definitions and construct which underpin the area of youth justice. Through consideration of practical examples, learners will develop an understanding of the issues surrounding youth criminal activity, anti- social behaviour and persistent offending. Following this, critical consideration is given to the causes and contributory factors of youth crime, youth offending and anti-social behaviour. Discussion of these complex factors will consider family, community and wider society. The second part of the module examines the philosophical underpinnings of the youth justice system in Ireland. Critical consideration will be had of criminological perspectives of youth offending and how these act as a rationale for control measures taken by the Irish Criminal Justice system. Evidence of these approaches in the Irish youth Justice system will be examined in light of policies and legislation relevant to the area. Evaluation of these approaches will be through an international lens, considering the approaches taken in other jurisdictions. Following on from section 2, the 3rd part of the module will consider the practical application of legislation and policy in the youth justice system. The rationale and critique of diversion is explored particularly in relation to mechanisms to divert young people from the criminal justice system and from detention. The role and impact of youth detention is examined drawing on national and international experiences, before concluding the module with a focus on reintegration and examination of the notion of young people being 'in' but not always 'of' the community. This final section incorporates issues and responses for young people that are cautioned, sentenced or on remand.
On completion of this programme, students should be able to:
• Formulate an appreciation of the factors related to youth crime and persistence with offending;
• Explain the social construction of youth crime including issues such as how young people come to be defined, labelled and processed in the criminal justice system;
• Critically analyse the development and operation of the youth justice system in the Republic of Ireland;
• Compare and contrast youth justice policy and practice between the Republic of Ireland and other jurisdictions;
• Evaluate the impact of youth justice policies and practices on young people who come into contact with the criminal justice system;
• Apply the above through written and oral presentation.