Enabling the visibility, empowerment and participation of disabled people requires tackling deep-rooted structural, environmental and attitudinal barriers. This means undertaking a deep analysis of what these barriers are. Structural barriers are found in the interaction between the disabled person and the state and result from how and to whom we give power and resources. Environmental barriers are found in the interaction between disabled people and the physical and social environment, evidenced by disablist language, institutional policies, professional practices and inaccessible physical environments. Finally, attitudinal barriers are found in the interaction between disabled people and non-disabled people and in disabled people's own internalised attitudes towards themselves, learned from the world of which they are part. These barriers comprise psychoemotional and behavioural responses towards impairment, evident in assumptions, perceptions, prejudices and practices.
Seeking to dismantle these barriers requires an investigation not just of the barriers themselves but also how they came to exist.