Research and development (R&D)
Research and development (R&D) is increasingly important in the science sector in Ireland, particularly in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors, as well as in academia.
Graduates with a primary degree or a masters mostly work as research technologists, while those with a PhD typically work as project leaders, research project coordinators, research directors or university professors.
There has been significant investment in third-level institutions to promote and develop high quality research capabilities. University-linked research institutes provide support for researchers and teams within educational institutions. Co-operation between researchers and teams within institutes is encouraged, as is inter-institutional co-operation: the majority work in collaboration with other institutes. Many opportunities exist within these institutes across a wide range of disciplines.
Various university-linked institutes exist in several disciplines, including:
- environmental and natural resources (eg the Environmental Change Institute and the Marine Science Research Programme –Martin Ryan Institute, both at NUI Galway, and the Urban Institute at UCD)
- bioscience and biomedical (eg the Biosciences Institute at UCC and the Institute of Immunology at NUI Maynooth)
- physical sciences and technology (eg the Materials and Surface Science Institute at the University of Limerick and the National Centre for Sensor Research at DCU).